Phlebotomy Compensation

Phlebotomist salary

The salary for a phlebotomist will vary according to work experience, where they are employed, where they live, and education they have. On average a first year phlebotomist will earn $9.10-$14.94 an hour and you gain more work experience you can earn from $12.00-$19.81 an hour with 20 years experience or more. It also appears that men will earn more than women with their annual salary being $21,447-$49,842 and a woman’s annual salary being $20,777-$40,749. Although this may sound strange another thing that can affect a phlebotomist’s salary is the number of hospital beds if they are working in a hospital. If the hospital has less than 50 hospital bed they usually have an annual salary of $19,984-446,267 while working in a hospital that has 100-299 hospital beds your annual salary would be $21,500-$40,000. If you specialize such as in pediatrics or geriatrics your annual salary would be higher.

Geographical location also plays a part in what the salary of a phlebotomist will be such as:

  • California–$21,140-$41,217 annually
  • Texas–$20,000-$47,500 annually
  • Illinois–$16,768-$45,615 annually
  • Florida–$19,434-$39,149 annually
  • Georgia–$22,148-$44,698 annually

Another factor is where you are employed such as:

  • General hospital settings–$19,638-$40,484 annually
  • Private practices or physicians’ offices–$19,775-$41,511 annually
  • Surgery centers and ambulatory care–$24,960-$40,000
  • Medical laboratories–$24,511-$40,810 annually
  • Blood banks–$22,500-$36,000 annually
  • Laboratory services–$24,490-453,750
  • Federal government–$29,072-$45,411 annually
  • Local and state government–$20,000-$32,970

When deciding where you want to work as a phlebotomist you also need to take into consideration the benefit package that the potential place of employment offers. A good benefit package would include paid vacation and sick days, life insurance, health insurance, 401k, social security, retirement benefits, long and short term disability, and profit sharing. If you are a traveling phlebotomist who goes to various clinics or hospitals you may also get mileage reimbursement. Some employers may even reimburse you for furthering your education.

Phlebotomist Salary in 2016

In the United States, the year 2016 brings forth annual phlebotomist salaries that have various figures. The median average phlebotomist salary rises up to $30,412 per year in 2016 with a starting point in the salaries that goes from $20,867 per year and up to $41,952 per year, according to the salary data survey information provided by PayScale. The wages in the Phlebotomist salaries usually tend to have a median average of $13.02 per hour, with an hourly rate that starts from $10.10 and goes up to $17.91.

The bonuses received in this profession are estimated at $507 while the profit sharing gained is ranging from $25.54 and up to $1,941, this leading to a total payment that is comprised from $21,142 per year and up to $38,388 per year. A phlebotomist salary is influenced according to various factors that affect and impact the earnings.

The most encountered in the economic salary market is the demographic factor, this involving the geographical location, earnings varying according to each state, city or region. Close to this factor of influence is the specific type of employment and the years of experience that one has accomplished in the working field. Each phlebotomist must have a set of skills that will help him in performing the daily tasks required at work. There are certain skills in this branch that are associated with a higher income such as Oncology and Specimen Processing. The vast majority of individuals working as phlebotomists are females rather than males.

When it comes to the years of experience in the field, the earnings will grow gradually as one professional is gaining knowledge and practice. An entry-level phlebotomist, with less than five years in the field can expect to earn around $26,010 per year, while a mid-career professional with 5 and up to 10 years of experience can expect to take home around $30,010 per year. Those who already have between 10 and 20 years of activity and plenty of experience can expect at incomes that reach to amounts around $32,010 per year. The veterans in this field with more than 20 years of experience and with plenty of activity can expect to earn around $35,010 yearly.

The salary payment differs also according to the location whereas the national average is estimated to be at $28,873 per year. The best paying location for these professionals’ jobs is encountered in Los Angeles, where the earnings tend to reach at a median point of $36,278 per year, followed by Baltimore with $34,988 and New York with $34,283. With above the national average incomes are also regions such as Chicago, San Diego, Boston, Atlanta and a few others.

On the other side below the national average earnings are seen in Orlando, where the earnings tend to reach as low as $26,066 per year. According to, the median earnings of Phlebotomists tend to reach at $31,732 per year, with a range that is usually estimated between $28,584 per year and up to $35,443 per year. At the same time states that the earnings for 2016 of these professionals reach at $24,010 per year.

Taking a look at charts of the average salaries in related jobs you’ll see many differences as well. For instance, a Phlebotomist Phlebotomy and Reception can expect to gain around $30,010 per year while a Medical Assistant Phlebotomist will take home around $34,010 per year. A Phlebotomist Float can expect to earn around $40,010 per year, and then a Phlebotomist Certified will earn around $28,010 per year.

Phlebotomist salary in Canada, Australia and UK

  • Canada—CAD $28,000 annually
  • Australia—Au $37,000 annually
  • UK—16,000 annually

Phlebotomy Career Info

What is a phlebotomist?

phlebotomist compensationA phlebotomist is the medical professional who is in charge of collecting specimen samples like blood from patients. When drawing blood a phlebotomist will use a variety of methods with the most popular one being the venipuncture procedure which is when the phlebotomist ties a tourniquet about the site where they are going to draw blood out. The blood that is drawn is mostly done using a butterfly needle. Most phlebotomists will work under the supervision of a clinical laboratory technologist.

Job description of a phlebotomist

It is not only the job of the phlebotomist to draw blood samples they also need to make sure that they are labeling the samples correctly with the right name and birthday, the collection time and date, and using the correct test tube for the blood samples you are collecting. The reason is because if you are not labeling them correctly and using the right test tube it could result in misdiagnoses along with other serious mistakes. Any mistake could have dire consequences.   Today this information is on labels that peel off from a big piece of paper that has your name and other pertinent information. Before starting the procedure the phlebotomist will ask the patient to state their name and birthday to ensure they are performing the procedure on the right patient.

Because you are handling someone else’s blood and other bodily fluids the phlebotomist will have to adhere to all safety precautions to avoid possibly infecting themselves if the patient has some type of communicable disease like HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis C etc. To protect yourself you must wear protective gear like gloves and maybe even a mask and disposable gowns. As a phlebotomist you will also need to have great communication skills to help make the patients feel at ease and to also help them understand what you are doing.

A phlebotomist will also be responsible for making sure that all supplies that are needed to perform their duties are stocked in the areas where the blood is drawn. This can include band-aids to put on the site where the blood was drawn, cotton balls, alcohol swabs, tubes for the blood to go into, different sizes of needles, rubber band tourniquets, gloves, etc. Each place of employment will have different equipment requirements. If you work in a hospital you will have a tote that carries all your supplies so that needs to be stocked as well.

A phlebotomist not only handles other people’s blood but could also handle their urine so you need to make sure that you can handle all types of bodily fluids. Phlebotomists are also responsible for sterilizing instruments and filling out reports of the procedures done, who ordered the tests, and the test results. You will also have to input this data into the computer system and file the lab request sheets correctly. You will also need to know how to use safety bio-hazard disposable boxes for all needles. You will also need to know how to store the samples properly. Communication is very important as phlebotomists are always talking to patients, nurses, doctors, co-workers, and other technicians who work in the lab.

Other duties that a phlebotomist might perform can include:

  • Measuring blood pressure, respiration rates, and pulse
  • Administering injections
  • Inserting intravenous lines
  • Maintaining a quality-control log showing that you have periodically tested the equipment to make sure that it is functioning properly and if anything is not make sure that you report the problems to your superiors.

Taking blood does require manual dexterity and eye-hand coordination so you can minimize the patient’s pain, discomfort, and anxiety. They also have to be understanding with children, especially if they are young or it is their first time to have blood drawn.

How to become a phlebotomist?

Two of the first things that you need to do before furthering your education to become a phlebotomist is to make sure that you are not afraid of the sight of blood or have a fear of needles. While in high school make sure that you are taking all the science and math classes that you can. According to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) in order to become a phlebotomist you will need to complete either a certificate or associate’s program that is related to clinical laboratory technology or phlebotomy. When enrolling in this program you will take academic classes in human anatomy, medical terminology, human relations, the basics of drawing blood, medical information systems, safety procedures, and more. To enroll in a phlebotomist program you will just need to have a GED or high school diploma. You may also have to show proof of certain immunizations.

Most employers prefer to hire a phlebotomist who is certified. You can sit for various certifications from different organizations like the American Society for Clinical Pathologists (ASCP), the National Phlebotomy Association (NPA), or the American Medical Technologists (AMT). To become certified you will need to pass an exam along with meeting specific experience and education requirements.

To get the training that you need you can take the program for an associate program or certificate program at many community colleges and universities around the United States. If you opt for the certificate program it will usually last one or two semesters. During this time you will be taught the procedures and techniques that are used to handle specimens and drawing blood. With an associate program you will have two years of study along with taking general education classes. Also in the associate program you will learn about the quality assurance and safety procedures in the laboratory environments, the human circulatory system, infection control, and medical ethics. You may also have an externship program where you will get hands-on experience at a local lab or clinic that is supervised by a professional phlebotomists already working there.

There are also some companies who will hire someone who wants to work as a phlebotomist and give them on-the-job training and teach them on-site how to draw blood and handle specimens. If you are hired with no experience or training you will learn the same skills and knowledge that you would in college by getting on-the-job training. If you want to change employment in the future or seek certification this work experience can substitute for any formal education.

Three of the top universities that have a phlebotomist program are:

  • Mountain State University, Beckley, West Virginia—this university offer a 22-credit curriculum for a phlebotomy certificate that will also prepare the student to take the American Society of Phlebotomy Technician exam. In the program you will have courses in laboratory procedures, biology, and medical terminology.
  • University of Alaska, Anchorage, Alaska—at this university you can get an occupational endorsement certificate (OEC) and is a three course program that covers record keeping, venipuncture, and infection control. The students will also learn how to collect specimens and collect and process blood. They will also do a phlebotomy practicum.
  • Ferris State University, Big Rapids, Minnesota—this university offers a five course certificate program in phlebotomy. During this time the student also has the chance to participate in a practicum.

Work environment/schedule

Most phlebotomists work in a hospital setting but you can also find work in clinics, laboratories, physician offices, prisons, nursing homes, and blood banks. Phlebotomists may also help with blood drives at businesses and schools. Depending on where you are working you may work a regular eight hour shift Monday thru Friday but if you work in a hospital you could work a variety of hours such as a split shift, days, evening, nights, weekends, full or part time. Working in a hospital means that you will not only be working in the hospital laboratory but you will also be required to go to the patient’s room to get the specimen samples and draw blood and maybe even to the emergency room. You may be continually on your feet for your entire shift and do a lot of walking also.

Phlebotomist job growth

The employment and job growth for a Phlebotomist for the next years is predicted at a 27% rate of increase according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. This faster growth rate is influenced by the number of demands for more tests for the population, as well as due to the number of retirements that occurred in the recent years or job changes. This last factor allows the opportunity for plenty of job openings and opportunities.

The future outlook for this job is great with plenty of working sites, from hospitals and up to blood donor centers, or diagnostic laboratories where these professionals are required even more for a lot of bloodwork. The satisfaction level among these professionals is really good with plenty of options and future outlook.

Conclusion on phlebotomist salary

Working as a phlebotomist does not require a lot of schooling or licenses so the starting salary is not that high. With needing less than a year or two of training this equals out to a fast-track into the working environment meaning an earlier opportunity to earn a salary. Unfortunately a phlebotomist salary is not so great, even in the long run after many years in this profession. Being a phlebotomist it is hard to move up to another profession in the medical field because of the limited amount of schooling you need to become a phlebotomist so to move into a different position in the medical field you would need more education. There is a possibility that the benefit package your employer offers will help to make up for the mediocre salary a phlebotomist makes.

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